AGU: Wind Turbines Perturb Leeward Evening Temperatures

first_imgWind turbines at farm in Texas. Courtesy/Wikimedia CommonsAGU News:Single wind turbines and large wind farms modify local scales of atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) turbulence through different mechanisms dependent on location within the wind farm. These changes in turbulence scales would most likely have notable influence on surface fluxes and microclimate during the afternoon and early evening stability transition. Profiles of Richardson number, shear and buoyancy from 1‐Hz tall‐tower measurements in and near a wind farm in an agricultural landscape were used to quantify departures in stability characteristics during the fallow seasons. A single turbine wake decoupled turbulent connection between the surface and above the wind turbine, changed the onset of near‐surface stabilization (earlier by a few hours), and lengthened the transition period (by up to an hour) within the rotor wake. Deep within a large wind farm, turbulence recovered to near‐ambient conditions and departures of the transition onset and duration were within 30 min of the natural ABL.Plain Language SummaryWind farms and single wind turbines change low‐level atmospheric transport of momentum, heat, and water vapor, increase surface nighttime temperature, and decrease surface humidity. We infer that wind farms and single turbines also modify transitions in warming and cooling of the air during the daytime to nighttime hours. Measurements are used from a twin 120‐m tall tower network in Iowa to detect differences in the evening transition between a location outside of a wind farm and near a single turbine or inside the wind farm. Behind a single turbine, the surface air cools two hours earlier while the air within the blade swept area cools one hour later when compared to outside the wind farm. Wind farm flow causes a small difference (±30 minutes) to the transition. The results provide additional evidence that wind turbines may influence biological regulation of soil microorganisms, plants, or animals in the proximity of wind energy production facilities.Key PointsWind turbines and wind farms generate turbulence at scales different from the natural atmosphere and modify the evening transitionWind turbine wakes shift the onset of near‐surface stability ahead a few hours and shift the completion within the wake behind by one hourDifferences in the transition are about one‐half hour within an aggregate of wakes from multiple wind turbines in a large wind farmlast_img read more

American Bar Association president scrutinises UK reforms

first_imgThe US legal profession is scrutinising the UK’s legal services ‘big bang’ as part of a worldwide review that could lead to its own legal services revolution, the Gazette has learned. In her first UK interview since taking office, Carolyn Lamm, president of the 400,000-strong American Bar Association and partner at US firm White & Case, told the Gazette the ABA is monitoring regulatory developments in the UK, Australia and France. Clementi-style reforms have been implemented in Australia and are under review in France. A special ABA commission will file a preliminary report on international legal services markets at the end of this year. It will formulate recommendations in 2010 and publish these at the start of 2011 for dissemination to the 50 US states.last_img

Hutchison joins deugro

first_imgJessica HutchisonHutchison joined the company during March and is responsible for managing and developing deugro’s portfolio of global key accounts within its oilfield services division. She will also support and guide the division’s business development activities, as deugro caters to the increasing demands in the oil and gas logistics sector, and its growing client base. Hutchison has previously managed the global account development and contractual relationship with a world leading oilfield service company during her time at Panalpina. She has gained over 25 years of freight forwarding experience in roles at Jarvis International Freight, American Cargo Express and Eagle USA. www.deugro.comlast_img

Cops investigate ‘sudden’ death

first_imgAthlone police are investigating the death of a 30-year-old man who collapsed and died on Monday March 30 while walking down College Road in Rylands at 3pm. According to Athlone police spokeswoman Sergeant Zita Norman, the body was taken to Salt River mortuary. An inquest docket was opened at Athlone police station. Anyone with information can call Athlone SAPS at 021 697 9238/39.last_img

Algeria’s Sonatrach to boost output of crude oil and natural gas…

first_imgAlgeria’s state energy producer Sonatrach Group plans to increase output of natural gas and crude oil by 20% in the next four years as new projects start up.Salah Mekmouche, the company’s V.P of exploration and production said that Sonatrach plans to invest as little as possible and produce as much as possible.Sonatrach will bring on stream Tiguentourine, In Salah and Timimoune natural gas projects as well as oil wells of the NBerkine badsin, after spending $9b billion a year on exploration and development projects since 2015.The nation hosted OPEC members meeting in November when they agreed to the outline of a deal to cut production for the first time in 8years. Brent crude has rallied 48 percent this year as OPEC will cut output as of Jan 1 amid a global glut.Sonatrach will produce 69 million tons of oil equivalent this year, up from 67 million tons last year, according to company data. Gas output will increase to 132.2 billion cubic meters from 128.3 billion in 2015, the data show.Sonatrach plans to drill 290 wells in 2017, up from 253 wells in 2016, according to Khelil Kartobi, head of Sonatrach’s drilling division. Of the 290 wells next year, 100 will be for exploration, he said. The company has 100 drilling rigs and another 19 are owned by foreign companiesAlgeria is Africa’s biggest natural-gas producer and a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Its crude production increased to 1.16 million barrels a day in November, the highest since 2013, after three years of declines and no change in 2015, according to data compiled by Bloomberg(Original script by Bloomberg)last_img read more

Trinidadian jailed for snapping fingers in court

first_imgNewsRegional Trinidadian jailed for snapping fingers in court by: – May 4, 2018 A MAN who was jailed for contempt of court after he snapped his fingers while in a courtroom has taken legal action, claiming he was unlawfully arrested and falsely imprisoned.The matter between tile layer Yaw Forson and the attorney general came up for hearing yesterday before Justice Frank Seepersad in the San Fernando High Court, following Forson’s filing of the constitutional motion.It is being claimed that Forson, who was before the Point Fortin Magistrates’ Court, looked away while Magistrate Rajendra Rambachan spoke and also snapped his fingers twice. He was charged under the Summary Courts Act and ­sentenced to 14 days’ simple imprisonment.Forson said he was not allowed to explain himself to Rambachan and was handcuffed and taken to the cell at the Point Fortin Police ­Station.In court documents filed before the San Fernando High Court by attorney Ted Roopnarine, it was stated, as a ground of the claim, that the magistrate breached the claimant’s fundamental rights under the Constitution.Also stated was that Magistrate Rambachan acted angrily, and unilaterally pre-determined the claimant’s actions as disruptive and/or disrespectful and deserving of the most extreme penalty.Forson, 26, of La Brea, is seeking a declaration that his liberty and his right to a fair hearing were infringed and he was not informed of his right to an attorney.He is also seeking a declaration that the order by the magistrate to arrest him for contempt of court was made in excess of or without jurisdiction and was ultra vires, unconstitutional and illegal.Forson is also claiming special damages for loss of earnings.Matter called 20 timesCourt documents stated it was on June 23, 2014, that Forson was before the Point Fortin Magistrates’ Court as a defendant.The matter was ongoing for five years and was called 20 times.Forson said, on exit­ing the courtroom, he clicked his fingers twice and was sentenced as a result. He was confused and at the time his ­attorney was not present to ­explain.Forson was handcuffed in view of the court and taken to a cell at the Point Fortin Police Station.At 3 p.m. he was taken from the cell and placed in a prison van, which took him to prison at Golden Grove, Arouca.He said he was placed in a small and cramped cell, which was “disgusting and damp”.The next day, without an explanation, he was taken to the Port of Spain prison.He said at this prison, he shared a cell with “about five or six men” and there was one pail and one bed.Forson said he hardly slept.He also said he was worried about his ­pregnant girlfriend and how the stress might ­affect her, and whether she would deliver their baby while he was ­incarcerated.Forson’s sentence came to an end on Sunday, July 5, 2014, but he was told the prison transport did not operate on Sundays.Forson remained in prison until Monday morning.His girlfriend gave birth two days after he was released.Judge: Right to ­freedom importantJustice Seepersad said under the Summary Courts Act, the magistrate had three options—call back the person and admonish him or her, fine the person $200 or impose a sentence of 14 days in prison.Seepersad said he reviewed the transcript and recording of the incident and, based on these, it seemed that Forson was not given an opportunity to properly explain his reason for clicking his fingers.He said the right to freedom is important and no one in judicial authority should treat with it lightly.“A judicial officer cannot allow a bad day to affect his or her sentencing approach and the fundamental rights of citizens cannot be viewed dismissively.“The improper exercise of judicial discretion can have detrimental consequences to the public’s regard for the administration of ­justice.”He said the exercise of judicial discretion must be discharged in a manner that is not “arbitrary or whimsical”.The judge also raised concern over the delay of the constitutional motion which was filed on March 22, 2018, and that Forson was not in court yesterday.Submissions are to be filed in the case, which was adjourned to July 11.Attorney Rondelle Hinds appeared on behalf of the State in the matter. Sharing is caring! Tweet Sharecenter_img 32 Views   no discussions Share Sharelast_img read more

Your Voice: Staff member concerned about library’s future

first_imgTO THE EDITOR:I am writing to you because of my concerns about the dysfunction of the Farmington Library Board of Trustees and its director, Riti Grover, and how they interact with the present staff and furloughed staff.As a retired Farmington teacher of 30 years and current furloughed library staff member of 12 years, I have never witnessed so much confusion, mismanagement, disorganization, and lack of understanding of the workings of a library on the part of the library board and its director.A brief history would show that over the previous three years, the past mayor of Farmington Hills, Ken Massey, unethically appointed an individual to the board who was openly critical of the library board. His approach to the job was intimidating, demeaning and disrespectful to all the board members. One by one, all but one of the library board resigned, citing that the board had become “toxic”, and there was a “significant impact” on staff morale. During this time, Ken Massey was hand selecting new board members, and the mayor of Farmington, along with the Farmington City Council, were interviewing and voting on new board members.The director, Elyse Streit, was working extremely hard to bring in new programs and technology, which were all rejected because of the intimidating tactics of Massey’s choices for the board and their lack of knowledge about the library. I must say that some board members were good people, but could not stand up to the pressure.Unfortunately, after a very frustrating year, Elyse Streit resigned due to the fact that the board had eroded her ability to do her job. During the past year, four of the “new” board members have also resigned. Two have been replaced, and two are in the process of being chosen.A company was called in to help with the hiring of a new director. Riti Grover was chosen by the board but did not seem to be the first choice of the library staff. Ms. Grover began her position in January of this year. Many staff members are questioning whether the Farmington/Farmington Hills community is being well served under Ms Grover and the Board to whom she reports.When COVID-19 hit, the library was shut down on March 14, 2020. The decision was made to have very few staff members in the library to carry out online services and to have the rest of the staff work from home and be paid. This was a good move and reflected Governor Whitmer’s guidelines. Then on Thursday, April 23 at 9 p.m., in an email, all staff members except for about 17 “necessary” staff were told that they would be furloughed with no guarantee of rehire or reinstatement. This was effective the next day, Friday, April 24 at 6 p.m. The Board said it was due to concerns about how Covid-19 may affect library finances. But this is not a valid point, since the library’s budget comes from a millage which is set for the fiscal year.Only a small handful of libraries in Oakland County furloughed their staffs. Farmington Community Library is one of the last libraries in the metro-Detroit area to begin curbside service, and we will be open fewer hours than almost any other library. Many members of the community have expressed their unhappiness with the lack of library services.The library has called back a small number of staff to begin some of these programs. Many librarians, while working at home, went through the process of researching and choosing the best books for our next ordering period, but so far, no new books have been ordered, and our fiscal year has ended. New books will be ordered, but the books that did not get ordered in May and June will never be ordered or will have to come out of this year’s new budget. It will take time to order, receive and process new books, delaying the time that they will be ready for the public. This is so disappointing for our community considering, at the present time, there are no new books for the summer reading program.On June 16, 2020, we received a letter from Library Board President Jim White, saying he appreciated our patience and included a six- part phased reopening plan. In his letter, Mr. White said we are initiating a comprehensive service module assessment. He gave a very brief explanation, which was vague and confusing.At the June 25, 2020 virtual Board Meeting, many people were asking for more information to help us understand what this assessment is and why we need it. There was also concern about the price of hiring a consulting firm at this time. Ms Grover started to look for the cost of this when she was interrupted by the intimidating board member, who yelled, “No, this is not the time to answer these questions! It is not on our agenda! We need to talk about this first and address it at another time.” I am paraphrasing, but he was quite angry and obviously did not want to be transparent with staff members or the public. I am concerned about all the money they have saved from furloughing so many staff members and what it will be used for.At the present time, our library is in a state of chaos, because the board and Ms. Grover have chosen to call back only 40 out of 133 employees. The following is just a small amount of tasks which must be accomplished: approximately 30,000 materials need to be quarantined, processed and shelved; all virtual programming has to be planned or maintained; librarians are necessary to run the Summer Reading Programs; providing curbside book pick-up; and so much more is needed to service the community.A library cannot be run by one-third of its staff who are currently overworked and scrambling to meet the demands of their jobs. In a recent letter sent by Mr.White, he stated that no more staff members will be called back until the completion of the comprehensive service module assessment, which is set for August 24, 2020. So many furloughed staff members want to work to meet the needs of our community, but this board is in no hurry to reach this goal.I am very concerned about the future of the Farmington Community Library and whether it will be able to get up and running again with such contention between the board, the director and the staff. We need the community to come together and make its voice heard!Suzanne DengizFarmington Hills Reported by jonihubred Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Bacolod Tay Tung, St. John’s capture NOPSSCEA volley titles

first_imgSt. John’s, on the other hand, took homeits third consecutive U-10 category crown by slamming the Trinity ChristianSchool Under in straight sets. Ana Hermosura, Jothea Ramos, Amber LilyBiong, Anthea Galicia, Ysabelle Jalea and Grace Hiponia played key roles for theThunderbolts in their two victories over Trinity in the finals round. Bacolod Tay Tung High School Thunderbolts Aspirants team. JOSE MONTALBO The Thunderbolts’ Aspirants team erasedthe twice-to-beat incentive and dethroned the champion Trinity Christian Schoolto capture the Under-15 category championship. Also part of the Thunderbolts aspirantsteam of head coach Anthony Blasi were Charlene Tayapad, Jersley Edaño, JoenilAnne Ramos, Jihan Chuatico, Elphie Cahilig, Erica Nacional, Marianne Panisales,Aj Palo and Kc De Los Reyes.center_img “This victory is huge because this wasthe first championship of Bacolod Tay Tung’s aspirants team,” said Thunderboltsteam manager Jose Montalbo. BACOLOD City – Bacolod Tay Tung HighSchool Thunderbolts and St. John’s Institute Falcons captured the titles of theUnder-15 and Under-10 category of the Negros Occidental Private Schools SportsCultural and Educational Association (NOPSSCEA) girls’ volleyball on Saturdayat the University of St. La Salle Gym. The team’s offense was anchored by teamcaptain Keyanna Palic, Margareth Ruiz, Reece Demonteverde and Andrea Lobaton./PNlast_img read more

Mat Insiders: WWE Releases Six Superstars

first_imgUsually post WrestleMania includes a couple (usually 5-6) WWE wrestlers getting their walking papers. 2016 is no exception to the rule, as today the company parted ways with a number of name competitors on their roster.Gone via official announcements from the company are the following:HornswoggleAlex RileyZeb ColterEl ToritoCameronSantino MarellaWhile all of these ‘superstars’ have had roles on TV in the past, none of them have done much in recent memory.Colter was re-packaged with Alberto Del Rio late last year when he came back to the WWE, but that storyline failed badly. Torito had been off WWE TV since Los Matadores were taken off to be re-packaged as The Colons, and hasn’t been heard from since.Cameron was dumped after she went on Twitter yesterday and slammed WWE (not a good move by the way) for cyber-bullying. She’s been working WWE NXT and at the Performance Center since being taken off TV in 2015.Santino turned into a comedy act in recent years, but hasn’t been a regular WWE performer since suffering a neck injury a few years back.Riley has been working WWE NXT for the past year, but after a push after his breakup post WrestleMania XXVII with The Miz, he slowly became an afterthought in the company.As for Hornswoggle, he was off TV after he was suspended for a WWE Wellness violation last year. UPDATE 2:07 – Two more WWE superstars are gone, with Wade Barrett announcing via Twitter that he’s come to a deal with the company for his release. Related TopicsAlex RileyDamien SandowEl ToritoHornswoggleWWE Matt Loede Also gone is Damien Sandow, who has been one of the more underused stars in the company the last few years. It appeared he was on the verge of stardom after he was one of the last two in the ‘Andre the Giant’ Battle Royal two years ago, but the company never got him on track after that. Matt Loede has been a part of the Cleveland Sports Media for over 21 years, with experience covering Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, the National Football League and even high school and college events. He has been a part of the Cleveland Indians coverage since the opening of Jacobs/Progressive Field in 1994, and spent two and a half years covering the team for 92.3 The Fan, and covers them daily for Associated Press Radio. You can follow Matt on Twitter HERE.last_img read more